is the largest city in Crete and is the capital of Crete
as well. Heraklion is also called Iraklio, and for centuries
was known as Candia. The most popular visitation spot in Heraklion
are the ruins of Knossos, which was the biggest center of population
on Crete during Minoan times. This was the palace of King Minos,
and is believed to be the starting point for the mythological Minotaur’s
labyrinth. There are speculations that a port has existed in Knossos since
2000 BC, although no archeological evidence has been found to support the
speculation. The current city of Heraklion was founded by the Saracens
in 824 AD.
is also a beautiful town and is a wonderful excursion from Heraklion, with
just a 30 minute or less drive. Arhanes has been sited as one of
Crete’s most valuable archaeological sites.
on Heraklion is typically Mediterranean, with warm, dry summers in the
lowlands, and cooler, more rainy days in the mountains. Frost and snow
are very rare in the lowlands. The Heraklion International Airport
was named after Nikos Kazantzakis, who was a Greek writer and philosopher.
This is the second busiest airport in Greece, and is located just 5km east